1063 Set Similarity (25分)

1 题目

1063 Set Similarity (25分)
Given two sets of integers, the similarity of the sets is defined to be N​c /N​t​​ ×100%, where N​c​​ is the number of distinct common numbers shared by the two sets, and N​t​​ is the total number of distinct numbers in the two sets. Your job is to calculate the similarity of any given pair of sets.

Input Specification:
Each input file contains one test case. Each case first gives a positive integer N (≤50) which is the total number of sets. Then N lines follow, each gives a set with a positive M (≤104
​​ ) and followed by M integers in the range [0,109]. After the input of sets, a positive integer K (≤2000) is given, followed by K lines of queries. Each query gives a pair of set numbers (the sets are numbered from 1 to N). All the numbers in a line are separated by a space.

Output Specification:
For each query, print in one line the similarity of the sets, in the percentage form accurate up to 1 decimal place.

Sample Input:
3
3 99 87 101
4 87 101 5 87
7 99 101 18 5 135 18 99
2
1 2
1 3

      
    
Sample Output:
50.0%
33.3%

2 解析

2.1 题意

求给出的两个集合的相似的百分比(相同元素个数/不同元素个数),即两个集合的交集和并集的比

2.2 思路

用set实现自动去重,也可以排序后去重(但是有些复杂);
查看第一个集合的元素是否在第二集合中出现可以用find()或count()函数。

  • 1 首先用set存储每个集合(实现自动去重);
  • 2 以第一个集合的元素为基准,比较第二个集合中相同的元素的个数Nc,以第二个集合的元素总个数为Nt初始值,当两个集合出现不同元素时,Nt++;
  • 3 最后输出Nc/Nt的百分比

3 参考代码

#include <cstdio>
#include <set>

using std::set;

const int MAXN = 10010;
set<int> s[MAXN];

int main(int argc, char const *argv[])
{
    int n, m, k;
    scanf("%d", &n);

    int num;
    for (int i = 1; i <= n; ++i)
    {
        scanf("%d", &m);
        for (int j = 0; j < m; ++j)
        {
            scanf("%d", &num);
            s[i].insert(num);
        }
    }

    int idx1, idx2;
    scanf("%d", &k);
    for (int i = 0; i < k; ++i)
    {
        scanf("%d%d", &idx1, &idx2);
        int Nc = 0, Nt = s[idx2].size();

        set<int> temp;
        for (set<int>::iterator it = s[idx1].begin(); it != s[idx1].end(); it++)
        {
            //用find函数
            // if(s[idx2].find(*it) != s[idx2].end()){
            //     Nc++;
            // }else{
            //     Nt++;
            // }
            //用count函数
            if(s[idx2].count(*it) != 0){
                Nc++;
            }else{
                Nt++;
            }
        }
        printf("%.1f%%\n", (Nc * 100.0)/ Nt);
    }


    return 0;
}
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