1022 Digital Library (30分)

1 题目

1022 Digital Library (30分)
A Digital Library contains millions of books, stored according to their titles, authors, key words of their abstracts, publishers, and published years. Each book is assigned an unique 7-digit number as its ID. Given any query from a reader, you are supposed to output the resulting books, sorted in increasing order of their ID’s.

Input Specification:
Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line contains a positive integer N (≤104​​ ) which is the total number of books. Then N blocks follow, each contains the information of a book in 6 lines:

Line #1: the 7-digit ID number;
Line #2: the book title – a string of no more than 80 characters;
Line #3: the author – a string of no more than 80 characters;
Line #4: the key words – each word is a string of no more than 10 characters without any white space, and the keywords are separated by exactly one space;
Line #5: the publisher – a string of no more than 80 characters;
Line #6: the published year – a 4-digit number which is in the range [1000, 3000].
It is assumed that each book belongs to one author only, and contains no more than 5 key words; there are no more than 1000 distinct key words in total; and there are no more than 1000 distinct publishers.

After the book information, there is a line containing a positive integer M (≤1000) which is the number of user’s search queries. Then M lines follow, each in one of the formats shown below:

1: a book title
2: name of an author
3: a key word
4: name of a publisher
5: a 4-digit number representing the year
Output Specification:
For each query, first print the original query in a line, then output the resulting book ID’s in increasing order, each occupying a line. If no book is found, print Not Found instead.

Sample Input:
3
1111111
The Testing Book
Yue Chen
test code debug sort keywords
ZUCS Print
2011
3333333
Another Testing Book
Yue Chen
test code sort keywords
ZUCS Print2
2012
2222222
The Testing Book
CYLL
keywords debug book
ZUCS Print2
2011
6
1: The Testing Book
2: Yue Chen
3: keywords
4: ZUCS Print
5: 2011
3: blablabla

      
    
Sample Output:
1: The Testing Book
1111111
2222222
2: Yue Chen
1111111
3333333
3: keywords
1111111
2222222
3333333
4: ZUCS Print
1111111
5: 2011
1111111
2222222
3: blablabla
Not Found

2 解析

2.1 题意

给出书籍的ID、标题、作者、关键词、出版商、出版时间,查询除ID外的书籍信息,如果存在按递增的顺序输出书籍ID,否则输出Not Found。

2.2 思路

  • 用map<string, set<\int>> mp来解决对书籍ID的映射问题,可以实现按ID的自动排序,遍历时迭代器在一开始指向mp[str].begin();
  • 由于一本书的关键词有多个,对于每个关键词要用cin来单独提取,然后用getchar接收后面的字符欧,如果是空格继续输入,如果是’\n’,结束输入;
  • 其余的用getline整行输入;
  • 用cin或scanf输入数字后,必须用getchar吸收空格,避免影戏后面的getline输入;
  • 如果单独把查询作为一个函数,需要对参数使用引用,避免复制过长参数导致的超时。

3 参考代码

#include <iostream>
#include <map>
#include <string>
#include <set>

using std::set;
using std::string;
using std::map;
using std::cin;
using std::cout;
using std::endl;

map<string, set<int>> mpBookTitle;
map<string, set<int>> mpAuthor;
map<string, set<int>> mpKeyWords;
map<string, set<int>> mpPublisher;
map<string, set<int>> mpPublishedYear;

void query(map<string, set<int >>& mp, string &str){
    if(mp.find(str) == mp.end()){
        printf("Not Found\n");
    }else{
        for (set<int>::iterator it = mp[str].begin(); it !=  mp[str].end(); it++) {
                printf("%07d\n", *it);
        }
    }
}

int main(int argc, char const *argv[])
{
    int n, m;
    scanf("%d", &n);

    for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
    {
        string title, auther, key, pub, year;
        int bookID;
        scanf("%d", &bookID);

        char c = getchar();//吸收换行符

        getline(cin, title);
        mpBookTitle[title].insert(bookID);
        getline(cin, auther);
        mpAuthor[auther].insert(bookID);
        while(cin >> key){
            mpKeyWords[key].insert(bookID);
            c = getchar();//吸收空格或者换行符
            if(c == '\n') break;
        }
        getline(cin ,pub);
        mpPublisher[pub].insert(bookID);
        getline(cin, year);
        mpPublishedYear[year].insert(bookID);

    }

    scanf("%d", &m);
    int choiceNum;
    for (int i = 0; i < m; ++i)
    {
        string temp;
        scanf("%d:%*c", &choiceNum);
        getline(cin, temp);

        cout << choiceNum << ": " << temp<< endl;

        map<string, set<int>>::iterator it;

        switch(choiceNum){
            case 1:
                query(mpBookTitle, temp);
                break;
            case 2:
                query(mpAuthor, temp);
                break;
            case 3:
                query(mpKeyWords, temp);
                break;
            case 4:
                query(mpPublisher, temp);
                break;
            case 5:
                query(mpPublishedYear, temp);
                break;
        }
    }
    return 0;
}
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